Why should Buddhism be exempt from rise and fall? The Lanka
is pretty clear that such an expectation is not very Buddhist!
Great Sage EofH wrote: ↑
Fri Jul 06, 2018 12:40 am
....In general, the term mindfulness is borrowed from an English translation of Anapanasati, which literally translated means "remembering the in- and out-breath" - or "mindful of the breath" - "mindfulness" is over-redundant to begin with. Anapanasati type meditation is taught everywhere, even in Zen. It means just sitting with the breath (samatha). In vipassana, you do the breath work first, then take up the insight portion (based on Satipatanna Sutta) ...
I think you are right that much of what we call mindfulness comes from the modern SE Asian Theravada meditation practices of Samatha and Vipassana. These practices are not very old at all as a living tradition
in the region. Meditation was essentially and consciously “reinvented” by examination of the suttas and commentaries in the 19th and 20th centuries. This was partially caused by the reformist, modernist, and nationalist reaction to Western colonialism. The only surviving living meditation tradition appears to be a Hindu Tantric meditation form that may stem from that period in SE Asian religious history.
These modern “reinvented” techniques from written sources are mostly the same as those seen in East Asian Mahayana texts, with the possible exception of the complex elaboration of these techniques in the Pali commentaries.
For some reason, the contemplation of rotting bodies was as popular in early East Asian Mahayana as it is in Theravada, but faded out and disappeared from actual popular practice. In Tibetan Buddhism Vasubandhu's and Asaṅga's presentations of breath meditation of breath meditation were and are studied, but were replaced in popularity by techniques involving visualizations. As B. Alan Wallace put it, Tibetans “just love” their visualizations while most other cultures prefer a focus on breath when introducing Samatha and Vipassana.